# What is optimum tariff formula?

## What is optimum tariff formula?

the tariff that maximises a country’s welfare is called the optimum tariff.” The point of optimum tariffs is determined where the trade indifference curve of the tariff-imposing home country becomes tangent to the offer curve of the foreign country. T1, T2 and T3 are the trade indifference curves of country A.

What is optimum tariff rate?

A tariff which maximizes a country’s welfare, trading off improvement in the terms of trade against restriction of trade quantities. For a small economy which cannot affect world prices in the markets in which it trades, the optimum tariff is zero.

### How are tariff calculated?

The simple way to calculate a trade-weighted average tariff rate is to divide the total tariff revenue by the total value of imports. Since these data are regularly reported by many countries, this is a common way to report average tariffs.

What is the optimal tariff in a large country?

In Figure 7.16 “Optimal Tariff: Large Country Case”, this occurs at tariff rates greater than t C. The higher the tariff is raised, the lower will be the level of imports. At a sufficiently high tariff, imports will be eliminated entirely. The tariff will prohibit trade.

## What is optimum tariff diagram?

Given the foreign country’s offer curve, the optimum tariff, in terms of A-good is quantity (Sa) or in terms of B-good, quantity (Sd). This is the optimum tariff. Given the foreign country’s offer curve OF, there is no tariff the home country can impose that will yield a higher level of community welfare.

What is the rate of optimum tariff for a small country?

zero
(1) In general, the optimal tariff for a small country is zero because it cannot impact world prices. The internal price will rise by the full amount of the tariff (t) because the country is too small a buyer on world markets to lower the price of foreign exports.

### What is tariff value?

Tariff Value: The Central Government has been empowered to fix values, under sub-section (2) of Section 14 of the Customs Act, 1962 for any product which are called Tariff Values. If tariff values are fixed for any goods, ad valorem duties are to be calculated with reference to such tariff values.

What is scientific tariff?

Scientific tariffs are import tariffs imposed on an item-by-item basis, raising the price of goods for the importer and passing on higher prices to the end buyer.

## How is terms of trade calculated?

Terms of trade (TOT) represent the ratio between a country’s export prices and its import prices. The ratio is calculated by dividing the price of the exports by the price of the imports and multiplying the result by 100.

Who developed the formula for optimum tariff?

However, a country will actually gain only if the terms-of-trade benefit offsets the cost from lower import volume; in a second phase of development, Edgeworth (1894) shows that this is the case unless the foreign country’s offer curve is perfectly elastic, while Bickerdike (1906, 1907) develops the first opti- mal …

### How do you calculate prohibitive tariffs?

For a tariff in a large country to be prohibitive, it would have to be at least equal to the difference between the two countries’ autarky prices, in this case \$10 – \$4 = \$6. economy.