Helpful tips

Where is the diaphragm in a fetal pig?

Where is the diaphragm in a fetal pig?

Use your fingers to probe the chest area of the pig. You should be able to feel the hard sternum (breastbone) and the tiny ridges of the ribcage. Keep moving down until you feel the bottom edge of the rib cage; this is where the diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.

Where is the diaphragm located?

The diaphragm, located below the lungs, is the major muscle of respiration. It is a large, dome-shaped muscle that contracts rhythmically and continually, and most of the time, involuntarily. Upon inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and flattens and the chest cavity enlarges.

Does the diaphragm function in the fetus of a fetal pig?

The diaphragm isn’t used by the fetal pig because gas exchange occurs through the umbilical cord. The diaphragm in adult pigs moves up and down changing air pressure in the chest cavity causing air to move into and out of the lungs.

What role does the diaphragm play in respiration fetal pig?

The action of breathing is a muscular operation, the muscles involved are: the diaphragm which separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity, and the intercostal muscles found between the ribs (bone). These muscles, when contracted, increase the thoracic cavity size during inhalation to allow for the air to rush in.

Where is the pharynx located in a fetal pig?

The pharynx is the space in the posterior portion of the mouth that both food and air pass through. From the pharynx, it passes through the glottis to the trachea.

What’s inside the diaphragm?

Your heart, lungs, and the upper part of your esophagus (food pipe) are in the thoracic cavity above the diaphragm. Your lower esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, and kidneys are below the diaphragm, in your abdominal cavity.

Is the diaphragm part of the respiratory system?

The diaphragm in the respiratory system is the dome-shaped sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. It is also referred to the thoracic diaphragm because it’s located in the thoracic cavity, or chest.

What are the parts of the diaphragm?

The diaphragm is a musculotendinous sheet. It has three muscular parts (sternal, costal, and lumbar), each have their own origin and all insert into the central tendon of diaphragm. The diaphragm is shaped as two domes, with the right dome positioned slightly higher than the left because of the liver.

What are the respiratory organs of a pig?

The respiratory tract can be divided into the upper part, consisting of the nose, pharynx, larynx and trachea, and the lower part, consisting of the different parts of the lung.

What ribs does the diaphragm attached to?

The muscles of the diaphragm arise from the lower part of the sternum (breastbone), the lower six ribs, and the lumbar (loin) vertebrae of the spine and are attached to a central membranous tendon.

What is the function of the pharynx in a fetal pig?

At the base of the tongue, the oral cavity ends and the pharynx begins. The pharynx is the common passageway for the digestive and respiratory tracts because both air and food must pass through this structure.

Where is the trachea located in the pig?

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae – Originally called haemophilus. A bacterium that produces a severe haemorrhagic and necrotising pneumonia with pleurisy. Alveolar macrophages – These cells which are located in the alveoli engulf bacteria and viruses.

What is the function of the diaphragm in a pig?

Examine the diaphragm, a sheet of muscle that stretches across the abdominal cavity and separates it from the thoracic cavity where the lungs are located. The diaphragm isn’t used by the fetal pig because gas exchange occurs through the umbilical cord. The tissue that covers and protects the lungs is called pleura.

What organs are in the respiratory system of a fetal pig?

What organs are in the respiratory system of a fetal pig? You have already seen the nasopharynx, hard palate, soft palate, epiglottis, glottis, trachea, and larynx. Follow the trachea to where it branches into two bronchi and observe that each bronchus leads to a lung. The left lung contains three lobes and the right lung contains four.

How is a fetal pig dissection performed?

The fetal pig that you will dissect has been injected with a colored latex (rubber) compound. The arteries have been filled with red latex and the veins with blue. An incision was made on the side of the neck to enable the injections. The incision can be seen in the first photograph below. Several different pig dissections were used to obtain

What does the diaphragm do in the human body?

The diaphragm (in yellow oval) is visible as a sheet of skeletal muscle, which separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. To get air into the lungs ( inspiration ), the rib cage expands and the diaphragm contracts to enlarge the thoracic cavity, generating a negative pressure within the lungs, causing air to flow in.