Who is Hazrat Muawiya?

Who is Hazrat Muawiya?

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية ابن أبي سفيان‎ Muʿāwiyah ibn ʾAbī Sufyān; 602–680) was the first Caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. Muawiyah became a scribe for Muhammad, and during the first and second caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar, fought with the Muslims against the Byzantines in Syria.

Who is the father of Muawiya?

Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
Muawiyah I/Fathers

Mu’awiya and his father Abu Sufyan had opposed Muhammad, their distant Qurayshite kinsman and later Mu’awiya’s brother-in-law, until Muhammad captured Mecca in 630. Afterward, Mu’awiya became one of Muhammad’s scribes.

When was Muawiya born?

602 AD
Muawiyah I/Date of birth

What is the meaning of name Muawiya?

What is the meaning of Muawiyah? Muawiyah is baby boy name mainly popular in Muslim religion and its main origin is Arabic. Muawiyah name meanings is Sehabie Rasool (sawas), young fox, First Ummayad Caliph.

Who was Khalifa after Yazid?

Mu’awiya II
664 – 684 CE), usually known simply as Mu’awiya II, was the third Umayyad caliph. He succeeded his father Yazid I as the third caliph and last caliph of the Sufyanid line in the Umayyad dynasty. He ruled briefly in 683-684 (64 AH) before he died.

Who succeeded Muawiya?

Mu’awiya II

Mu’awiya ibn Yazid معاوية بن يزيد
Predecessor Yazid I
Successor Marwan I
Born c. 664 CE Bilad al-Sham
Died c. 684 CE (aged 19–20) Damascus, Umayyad Caliphate (present-day Syria)

Who was the founder of Umayyad dynasty?

Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān
It was established by Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān, a native of Mecca and a contemporary of the Prophet Muḥammad. The Umayyad dynasty lasted less than a century in Damascus before it was driven out in 750 by the ʿAbbāsid dynasty.

Who built the first Islamic navy?

‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan (d. 656) was an early convert to Islam and the third successor to the Prophet Muhammad. As caliph he established the first Islamic navy, consolidated the text of the Qur’an, and expanded the Arab empire.

What happened between Ali and Muawiyah?

Upon learning that Muawiya had declared himself caliph, Ali broke off all communications with him and introduced a curse on him, following the precedent of Muhammad. Muawiya reciprocated by introducing a curse on Ali, his sons, and his top general.

How do you say Muawiyah in Arabic?

Mu’āwīyya or Muawiyah or Muaawiya (معاوية) is a male Arabic given name of disputed meaning.

What did Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan do?

Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan (died 680) was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. His clan, which had resisted Mohammed and his message longest and most vehemently, eventually won political control over the Islamic community.

How did Muawiya gain control of Islam?

His clan, which had resisted Mohammed and his message longest and most vehemently, eventually won political control over the Islamic community. As son of Abu Sufyan, one of the leaders of the Meccan opposition to Mohammed, Muawiya did not adopt Islam until the conquest of Mecca in 630.

Is there a biography of King Muawiya?

In the absence of a full-length biography of Muawiya in a Western language see Sir William Muir, The Caliphate: Its Rise, Decline and Fall (1898). A full account of his reign is in Philip K. Hitti, History of the Arabs, from the Earliest Times to the Present (1937; 10th ed. 1970).

What is the history of Moawiyah?

Muʿāwiyah I, in full Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān, Muʿāwiyah also spelled Moawiyah, (born c. 602, Mecca, Arabia—died April/May 680, Damascus), early Islamic leader and founder of the great Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. He fought against the fourth caliph, ʿAlī (Muhammad’s son-in-law), seized Egypt,…