How do you calculate gear efficiency?

How do you calculate gear efficiency?

Gearbox efficiency is the ratio of the output torque divided by the product of the input torque times the overall gear ratio. The overall gear ratio is the total gear reduction in the gearbox—the number of motor revolutions required for one revolution of the stem nut.

What is the efficiency of a gear?

Its efficiency varies from 94% to 98,5% with gear ratios from 1,25 up to 10,00. Straight bevel gearing is similar to spur gearing with intersecting shaft arrangement, most frequently at 90°, the normal range of gear ratios is from 1,50 up to 5,00 with efficiency from 93% up to 97%.

How does internal gear hub work?

Internal-gear hubs work on the principle of “planetary gearing.” Thus, the wheel turns 3 times for every 4 revolutions of the sprocket, lowering the gear by 25%. Middle Gear has the sprocket still driving the gear ring, but the gear ring drives the hub. Thus, the drive is direct.

What affects gear efficiency?

Thus, gearbox efficiency depends on friction. This in turn depends on the quality of the gearing, the number of tooth engagements (how many times one wheel drives another) and the load torque (how much “moment” the gearbox has to deliver). Most manufacturers will specify an intended gearbox operating point.

How is gearbox power calculated?

Motor power = torque ÷ 9550 × Rated power’s motor input speed /Ratio /service factor. [1] Service factor(f.s.):…How to calculate gearbox output torque?( gearbox output torque calculation formula)

Code Description Unit
T2 Gearbox output torque N.m (Kgs.m)
P1 Input Power Kw
n1 Input speed r/min (RPM)
i Total ratio

What is bevel gear efficiency?

Chapter 2: Efficiency of a Bevel Gear

Type of Gear Approximate Range of Efficiency Type of Load Imposed in Bearings
Straight Bevel Gear 97 – 99.5% Radial and thrust
Spiral Bevel Gear 97 – 99.5% Radial and thrust
Zerol Bevel Gear 97 – 99.5% Radial and thrust
Hypoid Bevel Gear 90 – 98% Radial and thrust

How does 3 speed hub work?

Three speed hubs use a planetary gear system to achieve a gear ratio between the sprocket and the wheel. In this gear system the sun gear is fixed in place while the planet carier is rotated. This causes the planet gears to rotate which in turn causes the ring gear to rotate. The rider selects a speed using a shifter.

What is the most efficient gear ratio?

The efficiency of a hypoid gears is around 80-95% and can achieve very high gears ratios up to 200:1. Helical gears can run with very high pitch line velocity and can achieve much higher efficiencies (94%-98%) with maximum gears ratios up to 10:1.

How do you calculate gear revolutions?

The general rule is – large to small gear means ‘multiply’ the velocity ratio by the rpm of the first gear. Divide 60 teeth by 30 teeth to find the velocity ratio. Multiply this number (2) by the rpm (120). This gives an answer of 240rpm.

How do you calculate gearbox torque?

Divide the diameter of the output gear by the diameter of the input gear. Multiply the torque of the motor by the gear ratio to get the output torque. For example, a motor that puts out 10 lb. -feet of torque used with a gear reducer with a 10:1 gear ratio will give you 100 lb.

How do you calculate the efficiency of a gear?

The gears’efficiency, η is really a function of α 0 and z 1: η =f (α 0 ,z 1 ); α m and α M are just the intermediate parameters. For good projection of the gear it’s necessary to have a z 1 and z 2 greater than 30-60, but this condition may increase the gauge of mechanism.

How do you calculate power loss in gears?

Most of the power is lost in the gear pair through the rubbing (friction) of the gear teeth as the motion is transmitted, although some is also lost due to friction in the bearings. The efficiency of a pair of gears can be calculated as E 0 = 1 − L where L is the power loss, as estimated in the chart shown below.

What is the output power of the gear shaft?

[output shaft power /Input shaft power ].100 %. The output power is the (input power – the power losses). Power losses in gear systems are associated primarily with tooth friction and lubrication churning losses.

What is the gear efficiency of a spur gear?

Spur gearing is a parallel shaft arrangement, and these gears can achieve much higher efficiencies compared to other gear types. Its efficiency varies from 94% to 98% with lower gear ratios. 2. Straight Bevel Gear Efficiency