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How do you control khapra beetles?

How do you control khapra beetles?

Fumigation with methyl bromide is the most effective treatment. Powdered neem has been used to control the beetle in wheat stores in India. Neem powder repels many insects due to its strong odor, but generally does not kill insects. However, it is still useful in protecting crops from infestations.

How did the khapra beetle get to America?

The khapra beetle was first discovered in the U.S. in California in 1953. However, it was later determined to have been introduced as early as 1946 in a warehouse in Fresno, California (Beal 1956), and possibly to have been in the San Joaquin Valley since 1939 (Anonymous 1962).

What are the hosts of khapra beetle?

Host range: Wheat, maize, jowar, rice, pulses, oil seeds and their cakes.

How was the khapra beetle introduced?

The khapra beetle was first discovered in California in 1953. The 1980–1983 infestations were spread by shipment of infested commodities to warehouses in California, Pennsylvania, and Texas. Eradication efforts in these infested states were started immediately (Kerr 1981).

What is the damaging stage of khapra beetle?

Nature of Damage: The damage to the grain is caused by the larvae while the adults are harmless and do not feed. These pests are most active from July-October during which they are capable of causing heaviest damage to the stored grains.

How big is a khapra beetle?

between 2-3 millimeters long
Visible Khapra beetle or larvae. The adult beetle is brown in color and small, between 2-3 millimeters long. (One millimeter is the thickness of a dime.) Adults possess wings, but aren’t known to fly.

What is family of khapra beetle?

Skin beetles
Khapra beetle/Family

What does a khapra beetle eat?

Khapra beetle will feed on most any dried plant or animal matter but prefers grain and cereal products.

What does the khapra beetle do?

The Khapra beetle is a destructive pest of stored grain and other dried plant—as well as animal—products. It is able to survive almost anywhere in storage facilities that are protected from cold environments.

What is a carpet beetle larvae?

Carpet beetle larvae vary depending on species, but many measure 4 to 5 mm in length and have coarse hairs on their bodies. They are generally carrot-shaped to oval-shaped and brown to tan in color, with white and tan stripes. Hairs visible upon their backs easily identify carpet beetle larvae.

Which is the damaging stage of khapra beetle?

The infestation occurs mainly in superficial layers of grain as the pest is not able to penetrate deep into the grain. The destruction of the embryo end of the grain is the major damage caused by this pest but during the heavy infestations complete grain is destroyed.

What is the scientific name for khapra beetle?

Trogoderma granarium
Khapra beetle/Scientific names