Common questions

How do you use bacitracin?

How do you use bacitracin?

To use the ointment, follow these steps:

  1. Wash your hands well with soap and water.
  2. Apply a small amount of the ointment (an amount equal to the size of your finger tip) to the injured skin.
  3. Replace and tighten the cap right away.
  4. You may cover the affected area with a sterile bandage.
  5. Wash your hands again.

What must be done to prepare bacitracin for use?

Preparation Of Solutions Should be dissolved in sodium chloride injection containing 2 percent procaine hydrochloride. The concentration of the antibiotic in the solution should not be less than 5,000 units per mL or more than 10,000 units per mL.

What are the side effects of bacitracin?

Common side effects of bacitracin include:

  • Nephrotoxic reactions (kidney toxicity) including albuminuria, cylindruria, and azotemia.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Itching.
  • Blood dyscrasias.
  • Sweating.
  • Injection site reactions (pain, burning, swelling)
  • Skin rashes.

Why you should not use bacitracin?

Most people tolerate both Bacitracin and Neosporin well, but a small number of people will be allergic to either drug. An allergic reaction can cause a rash or itching. In rare cases, both drugs can cause a more serious allergic reaction. This can cause trouble breathing or swallowing.

How do you use bacitracin ophthalmic?

Tilt your head back, look upward, and gently pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Place a 1/4 to 1/2 inch (0.5 to 1.5 centimeter) strip of ointment into the pouch. Gently close the eye and roll the eyeball in all directions to spread the medication. Try not to blink and do not rub the eye.

What are the modes of action for bacitracin and tetracycline?

Learning Objectives

Table 1. Common Antibacterial Drugs by Mode of Action
Mode of Action Target Drug Class
Inhibit cell wall biosynthesis Peptidoglycan subunits Glycopeptides
Peptidoglycan subunit transport Bacitracin
Inhibit biosynthesis of proteins 30S ribosomal subunit Aminoglycosides, tetracyclines

What is the mode of action for bacitracin?

Bacitracin is a polypeptide antibiotic derived from B. subtilis that functions to block cell wall formation by interfering with the dephosphorylation of the lipid compound that carries peptidoglycans to the growing microbial cell wall (see Fig. 33-5).

What is bacitracin used to treat?

Bacitracin is an antibiotic that fights bacteria. Bacitracin topical (for the skin) is used to prevent infection in minor cuts, scrapes, and burns.

Who should not take bacitracin?

You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to bacitracin, mineral oil, or petroleum jelly. Do not use bacitracin topical to treat animal bites, puncture wounds, deep skin wounds, or severe burns. Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you are not sure.

How do you apply bacitracin to eyelids?

Place a small amount of ointment into the pocket made by the lower lid and the eye. A 1/2 inch (1.25-centimeter) strip of ointment usually is enough unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Look downward, then gently close your eyes and keep them closed for 1 to 2 minutes to allow the medication to be absorbed.

What are the modes of action for bacitracin?

At minimal bacteriostatic concentrations, bacitracin had four distinct actions on Staphylococcus aureus: (a) prevention of growth; (b) induction of lysis; (c) suppression of induced enzyme synthesis; (d) stimulation of the reduction of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride.

Bacitracin is a type of antibiotic often used to treat skin and eye infections. It can be toxic to humans when ingested. As a result, it is commonly manufactured as an antibacterial ointment designed for topical or ophthalmic use.

Does bacitracin ointment need prescription?

Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin ointment is available without a prescription. However, your doctor may give you special directions on the use of this medication for your medical problem.

What are the indications for bacitracin?