What happened when Mount Merapi erupted in 2010?

What happened when Mount Merapi erupted in 2010?

Between 25th-26th October 2010, Mt Merapi erupted three times; thousands were evacuated from a 20km radius around the slopes of the volcano. The column of smoke rose vertically to 1.5km and pyroclastic activity began to subside, 18 people were found dead. The deaths were due to burns and respiratory problems.

How many people were injured in Mount Merapi?

Over 350,000 people were evacuated from the affected area. However, many remained behind or returned to their homes while the eruptions were continuing. 353 people were killed during the eruptions, many as a result of pyroclastic flows….

2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi
Impact 353 deaths

What is special about Mount Merapi?

Merapi (“Mountain of Fire”) rises to 9,551 feet (2,911 metres) and has steep slopes with dense vegetation on its lower flanks. It is the most active of Indonesia’s 130 active volcanoes. One of its largest eruptions occurred in 1006 and spread ash throughout central Java.

Did Mount Merapi erupt?

Indonesia’s most volatile volcano has erupted on the densely populated island of Java, spewing smoke and ash high into the air and sending streams of lava and gasses down its slopes. Merapi’s last major eruption in 2010 killed about 350 people. …

What is volcanic mud called?

mud dome
A mud volcano or mud dome is a landform created by the eruption of mud or slurries, water and gases.

What are tephra falls?

The term tephra defines all pieces of all fragments of rock ejected into the air by an erupting volcano. Most tephra falls back onto the slopes of the volcano, enlarging it. Shaded areas indicate where tephra layers remain from associated very large eruptions.

How many volcanoes are in the Pacific Ring of Fire?

Seventy-five percent of Earth’s volcanoes—more than 450 volcanoes—are located along the Ring of Fire. Ninety percent of Earth’s earthquakes occur along its path, including the planet’s most violent and dramatic seismic events.

What is Mount Merapi known for?

Mount Merapi ( Gunung Merapi in Indonesian) is a volcano in Indonesia. It is on the island of Java. It is conical in shape. It is the most active volcano of Indonesia. In Indonesian, the name means mountain of fire. The volcano has erupted (spewn fire, gases and ash) 68 times, since 1548. Many people have died during its eruptions.

How many people died in the 2010 Merapi volcano eruption?

353 deaths. In late October 2010, Mount Merapi in Central Java, Indonesia, began an increasingly violent series of eruptions that continued into November. Seismic activity around the volcano increased from mid-September onwards, culminating in repeated outbursts of lava and ashes. Large eruption columns formed,

What is the rate of inflation at Mount Merapi?

At the end of September 2010, the peak inflation rate of the lava dome at Mount Merapi was measured by EDM at an average growth rate of 6 millimetres (0.24 in). The subsequent rate of inflation up until 21 October 2010 reached 105 mm (4.1 in) per day.

How is the government helping people affected by the Merapi volcano?

The government is making money available to farmers to help replace their livestock. The government has set up a special task force to support people that have been affected by the volcano either by family issues, or because they have lost their jobs. The monitoring of Mt Merapi began in 1942 using Seismometers.