Common questions

What is an example of chromosomal duplication?

What is an example of chromosomal duplication?

A person with a duplication has three copies of a particular chromosome segment instead of the usual two copies. Like deletions, duplications can happen anywhere along the chromosome. [1][2][5] Some examples of duplication syndromes include 22q11. 2 duplication syndrome and MECP2 duplication syndrome.

What gene is mutated in autism?

Inherited mutations in a gene called ACTL6B lead to autism, epilepsy and intellectual disability, according to a new study1. The mutations are recessive, which means that they lead to autism only if a person inherits them in both copies of the gene — one from each parent, who are silent carriers.

What is a 7q duplication?

A 7q duplication is a rare genetic condition that occurs when there is an extra copy of part of the genetic material (DNA) in one of the 46 chromosomes – chromosome 7. This extra copy is known as a duplication, sometimes referred to as a copy number gain. People have two chromosome 7s, but the extra DNA is found in only one of them.

What is chromosome 7q1123 duplication syndrome?

7q11.23 duplication syndrome results from an extra copy of a region on the long (q) arm of chromosome 7 in each cell. This region is called the Williams-Beuren syndrome critical region (WBSCR) because its deletion causes a different disorder called Williams syndrome, also known as Williams-Beuren syndrome.

What is a chromosome 7q deletion?

Chromosome 7q deletion is a chromosome abnormality that occurs when there is a missing copy of the genetic material located on the long arm (q) of chromosome 7.

What are the facial features of duplication syndrome?

People with 7q11.23 duplication syndrome can have characteristic features of the head and face, including a large head (macrocephaly) that is flattened in the back (brachycephaly), a broad forehead, straight eyebrows, and deep-set eyes with long eyelashes.