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What is another name for a chromosome?

What is another name for a chromosome?

What is another word for chromosome?

genetic material gene
heredity chromatin
deoxyribonucleic acid nucleic acid
genetic code

How do you use chromatid in a sentence?

Chromatids sentence example The result is two daughter cells, each containing the normal amount of DNA, arranged into sister chromatids . Meiosis II – One set of homologous chromatids fail to separate. Each chromosome has divided to produce 2 identical chromatids , joined at a structure called the centromere.

Are chromatids?

A chromatid is one of two identical halves of a replicated chromosome. Following DNA replication, the chromosome consists of two identical structures called sister chromatids, which are joined at the centromere.

What is a synonym for DNA?

In this page you can discover 32 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for dna, like: hereditary information, genetic-code, deoxyribonucleic-acid, genetic codon, scfv, dsrna, protein, recombinant-dna, messenger-rna, genetic alphabet and template.

What is cell division synonym?

Another name for cell division is “mitosis.”

What is the best definition of chromatid?

Definition. noun, plural: chromatids. Either one of the two strands joined together by a single centromere, formed from the duplication of the chromosome during the early stages of cell division and then separate to become individual chromosome during the late stages of cell division.

What is the function of a chromatid?

Function of Chromatids It authorizes cells to store two copies of their information in preparation for cell division. This is important to make sure that daughter cells are healthy and fully functional, carrying a full complement of the parent cells DNA.

Is a chromatid synonymous with a chromosome?

A chromosome is a thread-like structure present in the nucleus or nuclear region of the cytoplasm that is made up of a single molecule of DNA and proteins, carrying some or all genetic materials of an organism. A chromatid is an identical half of a duplicated chromosome.

What chromatin means?

Chromatin is a substance within a chromosome consisting of DNA and protein. The DNA carries the cell’s genetic instructions. The major proteins in chromatin are histones, which help package the DNA in a compact form that fits in the cell nucleus.

What makes up a chromatid?

A chromatid is one half of a replicated chromosome. Prior to cell division, chromosomes are copied and identical chromosome copies join together at their centromeres. Each strand of one of these chromosomes is a chromatid. Joined chromatids are known as sister chromatids.

How big is a chromatid?

about 765 nm
The diameters of the chromatid cross sections are notably narrowly distributed, with most of the variation in chromosome sizes/numbers accounted for by their lengths. On average, the diameter of the chromatids is about 765 nm.

What is the medical definition of a chromatid?

Medical Definition of chromatid. : one of the usually paired and parallel strands of a duplicated chromosome joined by a single centromere — see chromonema.

What are the two strands of chromosomes formed by?

Either of the two strands formed when a chromosome duplicates itself during cell division. The chromatids are joined together by a single centromere and later separate to become individual chromosomes.

What is the meaning of the word chromosome?

noun Genetics. one of two identical chromosomal strands into which a chromosome splits longitudinally preparatory to cell division. either of the two strands into which a chromosome divides during mitosis.