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March 7, 2021

What is CV in chemistry?

What is CV in chemistry?

Cv: During a small change in the temperature of a substance, Cv is the amount of heat energy absorbed/released per unit mass of a substance where volume does not change. Under a constant volume, the volume of a substance does not change, so the change in volume is zero.

Why is CP is greater than CV?

The heat capacity at constant pressure CP is greater than the heat capacity at constant volume CV , because when heat is added at constant pressure, the substance expands and work.

What is CP and CV in thermodynamics?

we derived Mayer’s law in thermodynamics. Mayer’s formula is Cp – Cv = R. Here Cp is molar specific heat capacity of an ideal gas at constant pressure, Cv is its molar specific heat at constant volume and R is the gas constant.

How do you calculate CP in thermodynamics?

cp = cv + R The specific heat constants for constant pressure and constant volume processes are related to the gas constant for a given gas. This rather remarkable result has been derived from thermodynamic relations, which are based on observations of physical systems and processes.

How do we calculate energy?

In classical mechanics, kinetic energy (KE) is equal to half of an object’s mass (1/2*m) multiplied by the velocity squared. For example, if a an object with a mass of 10 kg (m = 10 kg) is moving at a velocity of 5 meters per second (v = 5 m/s), the kinetic energy is equal to 125 Joules, or (1/2 * 10 kg) * 5 m/s2.

What is the Joule formula?

In words: Work is equal to the force that is exerted times the distance over which it is exerted. In equation form: work (joules) = force (newtons) x distance (meters), where a joule is the unit of work, as defined in the following paragraph.

What is work formula?

Work is done when a force that is applied to an object moves that object. The work is calculated by multiplying the force by the amount of movement of an object (W = F * d).