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What is the reaction mechanism between 4-aminophenol and Ethanoic anhydride?

What is the reaction mechanism between 4-aminophenol and Ethanoic anhydride?

Paracetamol is made by reacting 4-aminophenol with ethanoic anhydride (more commonly called acetic anhydride). This reaction forms an amide bond and ethanoic acid as a by- product. When the reaction is complete the paracetamol is then isolated and purified.

Why does 4-aminophenol react with acetic anhydride?

But the lone pair of the amino function of 4-aminophenol is much more nucleophilic in comparison with the phenolic lone pair and the ones from water. So in practice the amino will react much faster with the acetic anhydride and this makes that the reaction is possible in water.

Is 4-aminophenol a limiting reagent?

A) p-aminophenol is the limiting reactant in this reaction.

What is the molar mass of 4-aminophenol?

109.13 g/mol4-Aminophenol / Molar mass

Is 4-aminophenol an acid or a base?

4-Aminophenol has, as you mentioned, an acidic function like phenol and a basic function similar to aniline. It should be protonated NH3(+)-C6H4-OH in acidic medium, neutral in neutral medium, and deprotonated NH2-C6H4-O(-) in basic medium.

Is 4-aminophenol a base or acid?

The amino group behaves as a weak base, giving salts with both mineral and organic acids. The aminophenols are chemically reactive, undergoing reactions involving both the aromatic amino group and the phenolic hydroxyl moiety. Aminophenol undergoes a variety of cyclization reactions.

What is ethanoic acid in?

Ethanoic acid is another name for acetic acid, but it’s more popularly known as the active ingredient in vinegar. The most typical example of a carboxylic acid, ethanoic acid has an acidic smell and taste, and is used as a preservative because its acidic environment is inhospitable for bacteria.

What is ethanoic acid pH?

Solubility and pH of ethanoic acid. Not surprisingly, carboxylic acids are acidic! They are weak acids as they are only partially ionised in solution. For example, 0.1M ethanoic acid is about pH 3 which means only about 1 in 100 acid molecules is ionised.

What is the acetic anhydride equivalent of 4-aminophenol?

When one equivalent of acetic anhydride is used, the more reactive amino group is acetylate over the phenolic OH (the product being paracetamol). The use of 2 or more equivalents Ac2O forms the N,O-diacetate of 4-aminophenol.

What is the molecular weight of ethanoic anhydride?

Ethanoic anhydride CAS Number: 108-24-7: Molecular Weight: 102.089: Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3: Boiling Point: 141.1±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg: Molecular Formula: C 4 H 6 O 3: Melting Point-73.1 °C: MSDS: Chinese USA: Flash Point: 54.4±0.0 °C: Symbol: GHS02, GHS05, GHS06: Signal Word: Danger

Why is 4-aminophenol soluble in ethanoic acid but not paracetamol?

Why is 4-aminophenol soluble in aqueous ethanoic acid, but not paracetamol? Take a look at the structures of 4-aminophenol and paracetamol. 4-Aminophenol has both an -OH group and a -NH2 group, both of which can participate in hydrogen bonding. So it should be at least somewhat soluble in water.

What is the color of 4-aminophenol?

P-AMINOPHENOL is a white or reddish-yellow crystals or light brown powder. Turns violet when exposed to light. (NTP, 1992) 4-aminophenol is an amino phenol (one of the three possible isomers) which has the single amino substituent located para to the phenolic -OH group. It has a role as a metabolite.