# What size should roof trusses be?

## What size should roof trusses be?

Use these two tables for roof rafters with a slope of 3″ in 12″ or less.

Nominal Size Spaced (o.c.) Species / Grade ( 40# Live Load – No Finished Ceiling)
2″ x 6″ 16 10-3
24 8-5
2″ x 8″ 12 15-8
16 13-7

How do you figure out what size trusses you need?

Truss count = ((roof length * 12) / 24) + 1 The simplest form of this equation is to take the length of your roof and divide it by 2. For example, if your roof is 40-feet long, it will need a total of 20 trusses.

How far can 2×4 trusses span?

A 2×4 can span a maximum of 6′ 7” when spaced 16” apart and used as a floor or deck joist. When used as a ceiling joist or a roof rafter, a 2×4 can span up to 7′ 3” spaced at 16”, and 6′ 4” when spaced 24” apart. Due to the small spans of 2x4s, they often are not used in horizontal load-bearing capacities.

### What is code for roof truss spacing?

Roof trusses should be 24” apart, on center. Trusses are allowed to be closer together, at either 12” or 16” on center, but building codes allow for 24” on center spacing without using heavier duty fasteners for truss to wall connections.

Are 2 2x4s stronger than a 2×6?

Bearing capacity is a function of the footprint area of all the studs in a wall. The total bearing area of three 2x4s is 15 3/4 square inches; two 2x6s have a bearing area of 16 square inches. In bending, however, such as from a wind load, a 2×6 wall is considerably stronger.

How do you measure roof truss height?

An approximate height of a pitched truss can be calculated with the following formula: take 1/2 the span and multiple it by the pitch. Then add about 4 in. for the top chord lumber. For example: a 33-9-0 (33 ft., 9 in.

## What is cheaper trusses or rafters?

Price: When the cost of a prefabricated truss package is compared to the material and labor costs to build rafters on site, the cost of trusses is 30% to 50% less.

How much load can 2×4 take?

A 2×4 can hold up to 40 pounds or 300 pounds when laying on its edge without sagging when laying horizontally. Several factors can lower or increase a 2x4s strength, including wood species, lumber grade, and moisture content.

Are roof trusses 16 or 24 on Center?

Roof trusses should be 24” apart, on center. Trusses are allowed to be closer together, at either 12” or 16” on center, but building codes allow for 24” on center spacing without using heavier duty fasteners for truss to wall connections. Trusses are engineered to the specifications of each specific house.

### How do you calculate roof truss?

Calculate a truss angle by first measuring the truss’s base, the horizontal piece parallel to the unit’s ceiling. Look for the horizontal distance from the edge of the base to the point directly below the peak. For symmetrical trusses, this equals one half of the base’s length.

What size are standard roof trusses?

Trusses are generally secured 60 cm (24 inches) on centre along the top plate. For a 9 m (30 foot) long roof, a total of 15 trusses are needed. Determine the height of the roof trusses using an online roof truss calculator.

How do you calculate the weight of a truss?

determine the weight of your truss, divide by the length, and that will give you the weight of the truss in pounds-per-foot (PLF). Divide that number by the truss spacing = PSF.

## How to figure truss height?

Here’s an example of how to calculate the height of a common shaped pitched roof truss. An approximate height of a pitched truss can be calculated with the following formula: take 1/2 the span and multiple it by the pitch. Then add about 4 in. for the top chord lumber.