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Why does mucinous cystadenoma occur?

Why does mucinous cystadenoma occur?

Ovarian mucinous cystadenoma is a benign tumour that arises from the surface epithelium of the ovary. It is a multilocular cyst with smooth outer and inner surfaces. It tends to be huge in size. Of all ovarian tumours, mucinous tumours comprise 15% [1,2].

What does a cystadenoma look like?

Macroscopic appearance. Serous cystadenomas are usually composed of unilocular (or at times multilocular) cysts filled with clear watery fluid. The cysts measure 10 cm in average diameter but may be extremely large. The lining of the cyst is flat or may contain small papillary projections.

What does mucinous cystadenoma mean?

Mucinous cystadenoma is a benign cystic tumor lined by a mucinous epithelium. It is a type of cystic adenoma (cystadenoma). Mucinous cystadenomata may arise in a number of locations; however, mucinous cystadenoma at different locations are not generally considered to be related to one another.

Is a cystadenoma benign or malignant?

Ovarian cystadenomas are common benign epithelial neoplasms which carry an excellent prognosis. The two most frequent types of cystadenomas are serous and mucinous cystadenomas whereas endometrioid and clear cell cystadenomas are rare.

What is mucinous cystadenoma?

Mucinous cystadenoma is a benign ovarian tumour. It is reported to occur in middle-aged women. It is rare among adolescents [5] or in association with pregnancy [6]. On gross appearance, mucinous tumours are characterised by cysts of variable sizes without surface invasion.

Can Benign mucinous cystadenoma of ovary be prevented?

The cause of Benign Mucinous Cystadenoma of Ovary is unknown. Hence, there are no known methods to prevent the tumor occurrence. Early diagnosis with close monitoring and treatment of the tumor is important. A timely tumor recognition and prompt treatment will help in having optimal outcomes

What are the different types of Ovarian cystadenoma?

There are other types, namely ovarian cystadenoma of serous and mixed variety that can also occur. As most of these tumors develop spontaneously, the exact cause of the benign mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary is not known.

Why is biopsy the preferred method of diagnosis of mucinous tumors?

Because the clinical picture of benign and malignant mucinous tumors is very similar, biopsy is the preferred method of diagnosis.